Ushkany Islands archipelago is a part of the Zabaikalsky National Park area since 1987.
Ushkanii islands archipelago is famous for Baikal seal (Baikal nerpa). Ushkanii islands is their favorite place. Baikal nerpa Ч is a unique fresh water seal and the first Baikal`s enigma. This highly developed animal is still subject to scientific research. The seals live about 56 years. They are 1,5-2.0 м long and weigh 150 kg.
There are 4 islands include in the Ushkanii islands archipelago: Bolshoy, Krugly. Tonky, Dolgy. The total area is about 10 km. Ushkanii islands have been formed with rocks of ancient Procombrian origin: marble and crystalline lime Ч stones with quartzes interlayers.
The Bolshoy island is the biggest. The Bolshoy island rises over the water as 216 m high mountain. Its stretches for 5 km.
There are many phenomena on the Island:
Ч very interesting flora and fauna (for example, specific larches and pines, rhododendron);
Ч high density of ant hills (about 18-20 per 1 hectare);
Ч large colonies of gulls usual Baikal wellow travelers on the rocky shores and bogs of Chivirkuisky Bay.
Ч 3 caves, which contain show of staying man of the New Stone Age.
... and others...
Excursions to the Ushkanii islands is well opportunity to see Baikal nerpa.